Need for Battery Waste Management

Batteries are hard to displace in the modern world due to their entrance into every aspect of human life. There are many heavy metals in these batteries, including cadmium, copper, arsenic, mercury, nickel, or zinc, all of which are hazardous to human health and climate. The casual disposal of spent batteries into landfills inevitably results in heavy metals and other toxic substances being percolated into the soil and water, contaminating food and water supplies and making them unhealthy for use by mankind and wildlife. The incorrect incineration results in the release into the air of certain toxic metals through stack gases or accumulation in the ash created by the method of combustion. The proper disposal of battery waste is therefore much more important than battery production; however, this is often a neglected problem, especially in developing and poor countries. The adversities created by careless disposal of spent batteries are prevented and regulated by three existing methods. There are three Rs:

  • Raising,
  • Recharging and
  • Recycling.

The present article first examines the impact of battery waste on human health and the environment, and then focuses on strategies for controlling it.

So, battery waste management is required for protecting the environment from toxic waste which will be released after improper disposal of battery.

Who needs authorization

Every importer

Means a person who imports new lead-acid batteries or components containing lead thereof for the purpose of sale


Means a person who manufactures lead-acid batteries by assembling various components


Means a person involved in repairing of lead-acid batteries for selling the same in the market

Responsibility of Manufacturer, importer, Assembler, and re-conditioner in managing waste:

➲ Ensure the batteries used are collected back according to the schedule

➲ Ensure that used batteries are of the same form and specifications as the new batteries sold

➲ Submit their sales and buy-back to the State Board on a half-yearly basis in Form-I by 30 June and 30 December of each year

➲ Establish collection centers either individually or jointly-at different locations for customer or dealer collection of used batteries;

➲ Ensure that used collected batteries are sent to authorized recyclers only

➲ Ensure that appropriate arrangements are made with dealers for safe transport to the premises of registered recyclers from collection centers and ensure no environmental harm occurs during transport;

➲ Creating public awareness of the following lead hazards through ads, publications, posters or through other means;

➲ Consumers are responsible only for returning their used batteries to the dealers or for shipping them to designated collection centers and dealer addresses and designated collection centers.

➲ Notify the State Board or the Ministry of Environment and Forests of any infringements committed by the dealers.

Documents required for this registration

➲  For partnership and proprietary type concern:

a. PAN card of Proprietor and Partner

b. PAN of entity

c. GST certificated.

d. Business address proof (like a rent agreement, proof of ownership)

e. Factory/ trade license

f. Electricity bill

g. Layout plan


➲  For company type concern

a. All of the mentioned above

b. COI (certificate of incorporation)

c. MOA

d. Board resolution for appointing authorized signatory